For this section you will need to be familiar with the following:
Middle Ages 500 -1500 CE
Europe - Holy Roman Empire - Charlemagne
Feudalism - Manor system - land owned by the king or church, given to lords and worked by serfs.
Serfs - unofficial slaves.
Christianity accepted religion.
Roman Catholic Church thrived & unified Europe.
Pope- great political power.
Islam was spreading in the Middle East and Northern Africa -
Crusades - Christians prevented from entering Jerusalem by Muslim Turks.
Interest in trade revived after the Crusades.
William the Conqueror fights the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and becomes the first Norman king of England.
Inquisitions - punished heretics (non-Christians or those who went against the church)
King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215 in England. This limited teh king's power.
Black Death - plague that killed 100 million Europeans. It was spread by fleas on rats.
Hundred Years War between France and England.
Joan of Arc - French peasent girl, who claimed God told her to help free France of English rule. Later she was captured by the English and burned at the stake.
Middle Ages Vocabulary List
Interactive Castle Adventure
Build a Castle
Make a Coat of Arms Online
Medieval VS. Modern Game
You Know What They Say
The Crusades Fling the Teacher Game
The Met Interactive Knights & Armor
The Middle Ages for Kids
Middle Ages: History for Kids
Duckster's Middle Ages Timeline